WHAT ARE THE BUSINESS ZONE?

A business zone is a limited space within which a certain economic activity takes place. Business zones are a form of entrepreneurial infrastructure that represents a constructionally and communally equipped space, and it is intended for coordinated and planned use by a large number of enterprises and entrepreneurs, where planned and harmonized approach enables the joint use of space, utility, administrative, financial, technical and other services, thus achieving lower operating costs. This is a part of the city space intended primarily for industrial production where a number of plants have been built. Industrial plants often have a common infrastructure (railways, roads, pipelines, power lines, water supply, sewage, telecommunications, etc.). Therefore, the business zone is not a functional but a spatial concept. They can occur spontaneously, but most often this is done by planning measures. In the business zone potential users should have more favorable working conditions, primarily due to resolved infrastructure problems (traffic, utility, energy and communication infrastructure), reduced costs based on the cost of renting business premises and lower administration costs (joint services). It is possible to offer other, time-limited, benefits, in order to develop and survive the business, which should be decided before all local government. Business zone consists of real estate (land, buildings and other real estate located at a particular place), as well as rights and obligations related to real estate (ownership, right to use). Business zones could be defined as a planned or organized part of the land divided by transport networks, with or without built facilities and plots suitable for industrial activities.